Operators face increasing demand for capacity with the rollout of 5G. ABI Research forecasts data traffic to reach 2,708 exabytes by 2025, with 5G data traffic accounting for almost 50%. One way to handle the demand is to densify their networks by deploying additional outdoor cell sites, using small cells, in areas with higher demand for capacity (e.g., urban hotspots). These additional outdoor small cells complement the macro cell sites in providing better capacity and coverage. When it comes to the deploying of outdoor small cells, one of the key challenges is site acquisition, with other challenges being power requirement and backhaul for the small cells. To overcome the site acquisition challenge, operators need to meet the aesthetical requirement set out by local governments.
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