RISC-V Processors Addressing Edge AI Devices to Reach 129 Million Shipments by 2030

The flexibility of the Instruction Set Architecture to address specific workloads, coupled with the inclusion of vector extensions in the open-source instructions to address AI, drive its proliferation
14 Feb 2024

Reduced Instruction Set Computing (RISC)-V processor architectures are starting to address edge Artificial Intelligence (AI) workloads, and this trend is set to continue throughout the decade. According to a new report from global technology intelligence firm ABI Research, while RISC-V’s penetration into AI workloads is only just beginning, growth will be steady throughout the rest of the decade, pushing RISC-V chip shipments in edge AI (excluding TinyML) to 129 million by 2030.

“The flexibility of the architecture to address specific workloads, as well as the scalability, increases its appeal,” says Paul Schell, Industry Analyst at ABI Research. “RISC-V International has diligently promoted and nurtured the ecosystem, and the RISE project now seeks to develop the software side through collaboration between industry leaders including Google, MediaTek, and Intel.”

Leading startups, like Axelera AI and Tenstorrent, show RISC-V’s potential to address more demanding AI inferencing workloads, like computer vision in automotive and security applications. Legacy players, from Qualcomm to Microchip, also want to develop processors using the Instruction Set Architecture (ISA). Its open sourcing has enabled more vendors to compete and spurred its proliferation in China, a country looking to gain semiconductor self-sufficiency due to U.S. sanctions limiting access to market-leading AI accelerators.

A key driver of shipment numbers is edge AI gateways, the bulk of which comprises systems connecting and performing inference on sensors in the home. Another driver is robotics, most of which will be in consumer products not needed for mission-critical uses. Manufacturers will seek the value and flexibility offered by RISC-V processors to drive down prices of consumer gateways and other devices as they address an increasing number of AI workloads, like natural language processing and computer vision.

“RISC-V processors are entering the mainstream, and the community eagerly awaits the addition of matrix extensions, a key component of AI workloads, to the open-source ISA. Google’s full support for Android on RISC-V processors and the participation of major players like Intel and NXP Semiconductors in RISC-V International’s working groups point to a long-term commitment by the wider industry. However, the ecosystem lacks the governance of other popular open-source projects like Android, which could lead to fragmentation and hinder adoption in embedded systems. Nonetheless, OEMs and hardware vendors should follow the architecture’s progress given its increasing market share, which displaces some legacy architectures like those developed by Arm,” Schell concludes.

These findings are from ABI Research’s RISC-V for Edge AI Applications application analysis report. This report is part of the company’s AI & Machine Learning research service, which includes research, data, and ABI Insights. Based on extensive primary interviews, Application Analysis reports present an in-depth analysis of key market trends and factors for a specific technology.

About ABI Research

ABI Research is a global technology intelligence firm uniquely positioned at the intersection of technology solution providers and end-market companies. We serve as the bridge that seamlessly connects these two segments by providing exclusive research and expert guidance to drive successful technology implementations and deliver strategies proven to attract and retain customers.

ABI Research 是一家全球性的技术情报公司,拥有得天独厚的优势,充当终端市场公司和技术解决方案提供商之间的桥梁,通过提供独家研究和专业性指导,推动成功的技术实施和提供经证明可吸引和留住客户的战略,无缝连接这两大主体。

For more information about ABI Research’s services, contact us at +1.516.624.2500 in the Americas, +44.203.326.0140 in Europe, +65.6592.0290 in Asia-Pacific, or visit www.abiresearch.com.

Contact ABI Research

Media Contacts

Americas: +1.516.624.2542
Europe: +44.(0).203.326.0142
Asia: +65 6950.5670

Related Research

Related Service