As the Internet of Things (IoT) industry is expanding, the demand for built-in internet connection is also growing. Previously, the connectivity of devices and machines was the responsibility of end users and service providers. Nowadays, such practices are becoming impractical; since IoT devices are shipped globally, the location change from country to country is a new reality. The ideal situation would be for IoT devices to have permanent international roaming, with no restrictions on connectivity and data transmission. In reality, the traditional telecom industry was not designed to support IoT; hence, there is a definite “catch-up” game in the area of best business practices and national regulations. The National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) led by the European Union example are slowing, introducing the revision of the IoT roaming, connectivity, and IoT data laws. The European Union is leading the pack in introducing E.U.-wide permanent roaming, known as “Roam Like at Home,” which has provisions to regulate the Machine-to-Machine (M2M) space through the establishment of the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications (BEREC).
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