The conventional thinking around urban design is deeply rooted in organic incremental development and upgrades. Only in some rare cases are entirely new cities designed. Two interesting examples come from New Manila Bay and New Clark City in the Philippines. While the first is part of a 407 hectares reclamation project off the coast of Manila, the second will be built 75 miles outside the congested Manila metropolitan area in Capas, Tarlac, covering around 9,450 hectares located within the Clark Special Economic Zone and housing up to two million people. Their design principles and benefits include sustainability, the use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) for optimum city operation under all circumstances, economic growth, the provision of more luxurious living circumstances, better resilience against flooding and typhoons through natural features (location chosen for elevation and nearby mountain range), the use of green areas and parks as flood catchment basins, and high-tech features like driverless mobility, drones, robots, automated buildings, and high-speed rail links to bring in commuters.
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