Robots, for the most part, are highly inflexible systems that cannot operate outside a highly structured environment. This does not matter so much if their task is arc welding or assembly, but if the use case dictates an unstructured, unmapped, or uneven environment, then today’s robots are not up to the task of mass deployment. While emphasis is played on the value of machine learning and the drive toward collaboration, all this potential means very little if the systems cannot locate themselves within a workspace, map out their surroundings, and navigate accordingly. Fortunately, advances in localization, mapping, and navigation, enabled by sensors and machine vision, are changing this.
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