Safety, Access, and Schoolchildren
Regulatory differences often require the presence of someone in or nearby the vehicle to take over; this can mean a brake button, but no steering wheel or driver’s seat. Regardless, in the United States, buses involved in fatal crashes have decreased as of 2016 to a total of 227, per Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) analysis. However, Princeton University research found that, from 2002 to 2011, over US$4.1 billion was paid for casualty and liability claims, often out of pocket, for self-insured agencies.
High-density urban cities not only will require the rapidly growing shuttles as “feeder” vehicles to extend their reach to more citizens without losing money but also will need full-sized buses to address capacity challenges. Additionally, urban areas are already familiar with subways, trains, and light rail—transportation that is already highly automated. There is no singular approach, even within a country, and in the United States these regulations have largely been at a state level.
Babcock Ranch, Florida, …
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