On September 13, 2018, three members of the U.S. Congress-Adam Schiff (D-CA), Stephanie Murphy (D-FL) and Carlos Curbelo (R-FL)-sent a joint letter to Daniel Coats, the Director of U.S. National Intelligence. In this letter, they raised their concerns regarding the use of deepfakes, which are types of hyper-realistic digital forgeries that leverage Machine Learning (ML) to fabricate audio, video, and still images of individuals. The letter comes at a time when U.S. election meddling by foreign agents is a high-profile issue, not just around the electoral process itself, but also concerning news outlets and social media coverage. The proliferation of propaganda and misinformation through bots, fake accounts, and spoofed online identities is at an all-time high. In their letter, the congressmen urge Director Coats to prepare a report to Congress to detail how deepfakes could be maliciously leveraged to harm U.S. national security interests, including reporting on use cases, potential counter-measures, developing monitoring facilities, and recommendations on how to address the issue.
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