Samsung: Seeking Opportunities in India
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) was established by the Indian government in 2016 as a statutory authority to ensure all residents are issued with an ID number—known in India as the Aadhaar card—to serve as reliable proof of identity and address. Issuance of the document to residents requires the collection of personal data, a digital photograph, all fingerprints, and scans of both irises. Each resident is then issued a 12-digit ID number. Aadhaar has become the world’s largest biometric identification system, with 1.1 billion enrollments thus far, covering nearly 90% of the Indian population at a cost of over US$1.3 billion. UIDAI initially commenced operations in 2009 to establish policies and infrastructure for the subsequent nationwide rollout, as well as to own and maintain centralized databases. The purpose of Aadhaar is to eliminate fraud due to duplicate identities among residents, providing each resident with a unique identity number that can be easily authenticated in a cost-effective manner.
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