Parking is an essential element in the current paradigm of personal mobility, driven by the need to leave the vehicle within easy walking distance of either the next leg of the journey or the destination. As has been the case with most core driving tasks, advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) have been developed in order to ease the burden placed on the driver by parking, following the typical course of moving beyond passively informing the driver to more actively intervening on the driver’s behalf.
This report identifies, defines and analyzes three distinct phases of autonomous parking technology:
Phase 1: Steering Assistance under driver observation and control
Phase 2: Parking maneuver initiated via remote HMI, driver must observe and remains responsible for control of the vehicle
Phase 3: Autonomous Valet Parking – full driverless operation in parking lots
The market opportunity for each phase is examined in detail, as is the transition from each phase to the next. Finally, the role of parking, and the relevance of autonomous parking technologies, are considered in the context of fully driverless vehicles.