INDEX

Smart Lighting

A newer version of this research is available: Smart Street Lighting

Energy efficient LED light bulbs are increasingly replacing incandescent bulbs and, while there are many technical and market challenges to resolve, it is clear that new capabilities and functionalities that transcend far beyond the traditional light bulb are emerging. The future of lighting is changing and taking effect now.
 
The emergence of smart city programs is putting the smart street lighting at the forefront of municipality roadmaps. Smart lighting solutions will enable cities to cover streets with the correct amount of light, depending on the conditions for which it is needed. While these solutions provide municipalities with the right tools to improve citizens’ satisfaction in terms of security, safety, and wellbeing, they also enable councils to make considerable savings in terms of power consumption and lighting system maintenance. In addition, outdoor lighting infrastructure will increasingly serve as a backbone that will carry a number of IoE applications including monitoring changes in weather, pollution rates, and mapping traffic conditions and flow in specific areas of the city.
 
Off the back of this, other public domains such as office blocks, retailers, and manufacturing plants are starting to look towards smart, connected lighting to better the working environment for their employees, while also improving productivity and customer experience. Much like smart street lighting, businesses will also see the benefits of energy savings and remote lamp monitoring. 
In the residential market, homeowners can, among other things, personalize their smart lights to a color representative of their activity or mood, and remotely control timers to welcome them home or to feign occupancy. These advantages of smart LEDs in the home will aid in the drive towards greater LED usage. 
 
This comprehensive forecasting model takes into account the installed bases of residential and street lighting, as well as a range of different public segments, in various regions around the world. The model looks at how the market is moving towards LEDs and their smart capabilities as well as the evolution of the technologies which are used.
 

Tables

Click a table title to see what's included in the data.
  1. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  2. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  3. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  4. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  5. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  6. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  7. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  8. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  9. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  10. Residential Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  11. Residential Incandescent Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  12. Residential CFL Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  13. Residential Non-Connected LED Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  14. Residential Smart LED Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  15. Residential Total Light Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  16. Residential Total Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  17. Residential Total Light Bulb Shipment Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  18. Residential Incandescent Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  19. Residential CFL Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  20. Residential Non-Connected LED Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  21. Residential Smart LED Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  22. Residential Smart LED Share of Total LED Shipments, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  23. Residential Incandescent Shipment Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  24. Residential CFL Shipment Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  25. Residential Non-Connected LED Shipment Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  26. Residential Smart LED Shipment Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  27. Residential Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  28. Residential Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  29. Residential Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  30. Residential Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  31. Residential Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  32. Residential Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  33. Residential Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  34. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  35. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  36. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  37. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  38. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  39. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  40. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  41. Residential Smart LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  42. Residential Average Selling Price by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  43. Residential Average Selling Price by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  44. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  45. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  46. Residential Incandescent Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  47. Residential CFL Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  48. Residential Non-Connected LED Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  49. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  50. Residential Smart LED Share of Total LED Revenue, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  51. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  52. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  53. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  54. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  55. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  56. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  57. Residential Total Lighting Revenue by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  58. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  59. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  60. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  61. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  62. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  63. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  64. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  65. Residential Smart LED Revenue by Wireless Standard, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  66. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  67. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  68. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  69. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  70. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  71. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  72. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  73. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  74. Annual Lighting Spend per Household by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  75. Street Light Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  76. Street Light Installed Base by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  77. Street Light Installed Base by Intelligence, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  78. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  79. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  80. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  81. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  82. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  83. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  84. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  85. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  86. Smart Street Light Installed Base by Wireless Standard, Asia-Pacific Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  87. Street Light Technology Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  88. Street Light Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  89. Street Light Shipments by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  90. Street Light Technology Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  91. Smart Street Light Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  92. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  93. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  94. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, USA, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  95. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, Canada, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  96. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  97. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  98. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  99. Smart Street Light Shipments by Wireless Standard, Asia-Pacific Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  100. Total Street Lighting Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  101. Total Street Lighting Revenue by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  102. Street LED Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  103. Street Non-LED Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  104. Street Smart LED Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  105. Street Light Gateway Shipments by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  106. Street Gateway Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  107. Street Gateway Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  108. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  109. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  110. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  111. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  112. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  113. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  114. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  115. Commercial Light Bulb Installed Base Share by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  116. Commercial Incandescent Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  117. Commercial Non-Connected LED Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  118. Commercial Smart LED Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  119. Commercial Light Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  120. Commercial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  121. Commercial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  122. Commercial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  123. Commercial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  124. Commercial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  125. Commercial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  126. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  127. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  128. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  129. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  130. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  131. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  132. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  133. Industrial Light Bulb Installed Base Share by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  134. Industrial Incandescent Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  135. Industrial Non-Connected LED Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  136. Industrial Smart LED Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  137. Industrial Light Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  138. Industrial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  139. Industrial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  140. Industrial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  141. Industrial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  142. Industrial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  143. Industrial Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  144. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  145. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  146. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  147. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  148. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  149. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  150. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  151. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Installed Base Share by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  152. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Incandescent Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  153. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Non-Connected LED Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  154. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Smart LED Bulb Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  155. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  156. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  157. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  158. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  159. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  160. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  161. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Light Bulb Shipments by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  162. Smart LED Commercial Shipments by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  163. Smart LED Commercial Shipments by Wireless Standard, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  164. Smart LED Commercial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  165. Smart LED Commercial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  166. Smart LED Commercial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  167. Smart LED Commercial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  168. Smart LED Industrial Shipments by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  169. Smart LED Industrial Shipments by Wireless Standard, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  170. Smart LED Industrial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  171. Smart LED Industrial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  172. Smart LED Industrial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  173. Smart LED Industrial Shipments by Wireless Standard, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  174. Smart LED Outdoor (minus streetlights) Shipments by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  175. Smart LED Outdoor (minus streetlights) Shipments by Wireless Standard, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  176. Smart LED Outdoor (minus streetlights) Shipments by Wireless Standard, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  177. Smart LED Outdoor (minus streetlights) Shipments by Wireless Standard, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  178. Smart LED Outdoor (minus streetlights) Shipments by Wireless Standard, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  179. Smart LED Outdoor (minus streetlights) Shipments by Wireless Standard, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  180. Total Smart Public LED Shipments by Wireless Standard, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  181. Total Commercial Lighting Revenue by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  182. Total Commercial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  183. Total Commercial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  184. Total Commercial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  185. Total Commercial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  186. Total Industrial Lighting Revenue by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  187. Total Industrial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  188. Total Industrial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  189. Total Industrial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  190. Total Industrial Lighting Revenue by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  191. Total Outdoor (minus streetlights) Lighting Revenue by Technology, North America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  192. Total Outdoor (minus streetlights) Lighting Revenue by Technology, Europe, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  193. Total Outdoor (minus streetlights) Lighting Revenue by Technology, Latin America, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  194. Total Outdoor (minus streetlights) Lighting Revenue by Technology, Middle East & Africa, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  195. Total Outdoor (minus streetlights) Lighting Revenue by Technology, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  196. Commercial Lighting Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  197. Industrial Lighting Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  198. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Lighting Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  199. Commercial Lighting Revenue by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  200. Industrial Lighting Revenue by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  201. Outdoor (minus streetlights) Lighting Revenue by Technology, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  202. Global Lamp Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  203. Global LED Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  204. Global Lighting Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  205. Global LED Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  206. Global Lighting Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  207. Global LED Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  208. Global Connected LED Installed Base by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  209. Global Connected LED Shipments by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  210. Global Connected LED Revenue by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  211. Global Lighting Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  212. Global Lighting Revenue Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  213. Global Connected LED Installed Base Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  214. Global Connected LED Revenue Share by Region, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  215. Global LED Shipments by Sector, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  216. Global Connected LED Shipments by Technology, Bluetooth, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  217. Global Connected LED Shipments by Technology, 802.15.4, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  218. Global Connected LED Shipments by Technology, Wi-Fi, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  219. Global Connected LED Shipments by Technology, Others (incl. LPWA Licensed & Cellular), Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  220. Global LED Revenue by Sector, World Markets, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  221. Global Connected LED Revenue by Technology, Bluetooth, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  222. Global Connected LED Revenue by Technology, 802.15.4, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  223. Global Connected LED Revenue by Technology, Wi-Fi, Forecast: 2013 to 2021
  224. Global Connected LED Revenue by Technology, Others (incl. LPWA Licensed & Cellular), Forecast: 2013 to 2021