INDEX

Autonomous Vehicles

While the technological feasibility of autonomous vehicles is being demonstrated by Google, Audi, Volvo, Bosch, and Continental, important obstacles such as high costs and the lack of a legislative framework remain in place. On the other hand, the multiple benefits of autonomous vehicles in terms of safety, cost savings, and efficiency, as well as positive impact on the economy and society as a whole, are driving research and development efforts globally. With ADAS-type features already being implemented on a wide scale, the next step for autonomous vehicles will materialize in the next decade. Fully autonomous, self-driving, robotic vehicles will start appearing between 10 and 15 years from now. The disruptive effects of autonomous driving are only just being discovered and its transformative impact on the auto industry and society as a whole will be huge with car sharing and declining vehicle ownership being two of the main exponents.

This study covers autonomous vehicle classification and types, use cases and applications, technology, main players and initiatives, impact and benefits, and remaining challenges and issues. Comparisons, analogies, and lessons to be learnt from other industries such as aviation and rail are briefly described. The report also provides forecasts for autonomous vehicle shipments and technology value per type and region for the next 20 years.

Table of Contents

  • 1. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES TYPES AND CLASSIFICATION
    • 1.1. Introduction
    • 1.2. NHTSA Classification
    • 1.3. Freescale's View on Autonomous Driving Evolution
    • 1.4. ABI Research Classification
  • 2. SPECIFIC AUTONOMOUS DRIVING USE CASES
    • 2.1. Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC)
    • 2.2. Drive Trains or Platoons
    • 2.3. Automated or Self-parking
  • 3. USER SEGMENTS FOR AUTONOMOUS DRIVING
    • 3.1. Teenage and Young Drivers
    • 3.2. Elderly and Impaired Persons
    • 3.3. Large Families
    • 3.4. Commuters
    • 3.5. Public and Private Transportation
    • 3.6. Delivery Fleets
  • 4. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE TECHNOLOGIES
    • 4.1. Radar
    • 4.2. Machine Vision
    • 4.3. Ultrasonic
    • 4.4. Lidar
    • 4.5. Digital Maps
    • 4.6. Location Technologies
    • 4.7. DSRC
    • 4.8. Cellular
    • 4.9. Wi-Fi Direct
    • 4.10. Computing Platform
    • 4.11. Software Algorithms
    • 4.12. Electronically Controllable Electric Power Steering, Throttle, and Brakes
    • 4.13. HMI and Driver Monitoring Systems (DMS)
    • 4.14. Autonomous Vehicle Technologies Diagram
  • 5. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE ECOSYSTEM
    • 5.1. Google
    • 5.2. Audi
    • 5.3. Toyota
    • 5.4. Volvo
    • 5.5. Daimler
    • 5.6. BMW
    • 5.7. Bosch
    • 5.8. Continental
    • 5.9. TRW
    • 5.10. VisLab
    • 5.11. University of Oxford
    • 5.12. Dutch Automated Vehicle Initiative (DAVI)
    • 5.13. Scania
    • 5.14. Stadtpilot
    • 5.15. AutoNOMOS Labs
    • 5.16. Volkswagen
  • 6. BENEFITS AND IMPACT OF AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES
    • 6.1. Safety
    • 6.2. Traffic
    • 6.3. Sustainability
    • 6.4. Convenience and Efficiency
    • 6.5. Infotainment, Driver Distraction, Smartphone Integration, and HMI
    • 6.6. Vehicle Ownership Decline: Car Sharing and Crowdsourcing
    • 6.7. Public and Private Transportation
    • 6.8. Insurance Telematics
    • 6.9. Cost
    • 6.10. Economic Impact
    • 6.11. Impact on Society
  • 7. AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
    • 7.1. Legal Framework and Liabilities
    • 7.2. Reliability
    • 7.3. Security
    • 7.4. V2X Penetration
    • 7.5. User Awareness and Acceptance
    • 7.6. HMI
    • 7.7. Mixed Environments
    • 7.8. Cost and Pricing
    • 7.9. Aftermarket Solutions
  • 8. AUTOMATION IN OTHER INDUSTRIES
    • 8.1. Aviation
    • 8.2. Rail
    • 8.3. Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)
    • 8.4. Robotics
  • 9. FORECASTS

Charts

  1. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Shipments by Region, World Market, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  2. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Shipments by Type, World Market, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  3. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Technology Value by Type, World Market, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  4. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Shipments by Type, North America, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  5. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Shipments by Type, Europe, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  6. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Shipments by Type, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  7. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Shipments by Type, Rest of the World, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  8. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Technology Value by Type, North America, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  9. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Technology Value by Type, Europe, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  10. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Technology Value by Type, Asia-Pacific, Forecast: 2012 to 2032
  11. Autonomous Vehicle OEM Technology Value by Type, Rest of the World, Forecast: 2012 to 2032

Figures

  1. Google Self-driving Car
  2. The Open Road to Self Driving
  3. Autonomous Vehicle Classification
  4. Lidar Image
  5. HERE True 2.0 Field Collection Vehicle
  6. Positioning Accuracy Requirements
  7. DSRC Spectrum Allocations
  8. Autonomous Vehicle Technologies Diagram
  9. Velodyne HDL-64E Lidar
  10. Audi Compact Lidar
  11. Continental's VW Passat Autonomous Concept Vehicle
  12. VisLab's BRAiVE Autonomous Vehicle
  13. Autonomous Vehicle Benefits Diagram
  14. Consumer Trust in Driverless Cars